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The last moment of Dingyuan Ship

The last moment of Dingyuan Ship

Summary:
On September 2, 2019, after more than two months of underwater archaeological investigations, the sinking position of the former Beiyang Marine Division flagship "Dingyuan" was finally determined by experts. At this time, the distance from the Dingyuan ship to sinking in Weihaiwei has passed 124 spring and autumn. Time went backwards on November 14, 1894. On the evening of the day, against the setting sun, a fleet of wounded ships staggered into Weihai. At this time, China and Japan had begun war for three and a half months. The Qing Army was defeated on the ground, and the front was pushed forward from North Korea to the northeast hinterland. On the maritime battlefield, although Dadonggou did not win the battle, the Beiyang Marine Division, who was regarded as the main force of the empire ’s coastal defense, suffered huge losses, and many warships sank. Fortunately, the main force still exists. Although the two iron armored ships "Dingyuan" and "Zhenyuan", which are regarded as pillars, are scarred, "they are strong and magnificent, and the Toyo giant is famous." . At this time, the Beiyang Marine Division was still a feared existence in Japan. However, the grim situation made Lushun Port no longer safe. On November 13, the Marine Admiral Ding Ruchang was helpless and led the fleet to leave Lushun and go to Weihai for shelter. Only 10 days later, Lushun was captured by the Japanese. In view of the fact that the Beiyang Marine Division has moved to Weihai, the Japanese base camp soon formulated a Weihai landing plan, with the intention of annihilating the Beiyang Marine Division in one fell swoop. At this time, there was a gloomy cloud in the Weihai Port. On the morning of November 14, just as Beiyang naval ships were preparing to sail into the mouth of Weihaiwan Bay, the sister ship "Zhenyuan" of the "Dingyuan" ship accidentally touched the reef, and then sideways occurred. It had to be towed to shallow water. At dawn on January 19, 1895, the Japanese army landed at Rongcheng Bay. By January 30, the Japanese advance troops had advanced to the southern turrets around Weihai. In just a few hours, the positions of the southern gang fortress, which was the main site of Weihai in Weihai, fell successively. As a modernized military port, Weihaiwei deployed a defense material consisting of mines, iron chains and wooden platoons outside the port at the beginning of construction to prevent enemy ships from approaching. Based on this situation, the commander of the Japanese Joint Fleet, Ito Yoshimori, formulated a plan to seduce the main force of the Beiyang Marine Division to go to the sea and fight against it. In the early morning of the 30th, Weihai was blocked, but was counterattacked and returned without success. On February 2, the Weihai Acropolis and the Beibang Fort were captured by the Japanese. The Beiyang Marine Division had lost all its land defenses and had to rely on Liugong Island to hold on. Ito again seduced him, but was still stubbornly resisted by the officers and men of the naval division. "The clear ship has been encircled, and Ding Ruchang has no fear and persists in resistance." The naval division was unexpectedly tenacious and left the Japanese army helpless for a while. Ito had to change his tactics and "resolutely implement bold schemes to destroy the dams" ("Records of the War of Qing Dynasty"). On the night of February 3, the Japanese torpedo boat dived into Weihai The bay's defense materials were damaged in the bay, but it was quickly discovered and had to flee. However, during the escape, the Japanese torpedo boat accidentally found a gap of 40 meters in the treaty on the east exit blocking line, just for the slender body of the ship. After learning about this important information, Ito immediately changed his plan: let the torpedo boat directly pass through the gap in the defense material and attack the ships in the North Sea with a torpedo. At 3 am on February 5th, the Japanese torpedo boat group of fish passed through the gap in the defense material. But their whereabouts were immediately discovered. The searchlights in the harbor turned on, and the sunboats were nowhere to be seen. In a panic, the leader of the torpedo boat third unit No. 22 When it hit the reef and sank, the group of headless boats fell into chaos. At this time, when the No. 10 boat behind the tragedy scrambled around the west side of the iron pier of Liugong Island, a huge shadow was seen in front of itself. The searchlight on the ship suddenly Lit up, Captain Nakamura Matsutaro couldn't believe his eyes. This was actually Dingyuan! Soon, the artillery on Dingyuan's ship began to fire fiercely. Nakamura recalled: "My boat continued to advance northward, and the enemy's artillery fire Increasingly fierce, hitting my boat many times "(" The Chronicle of the War of Qing Dynasty "). The No. 10 boat, which had run out of ammunition, withdrew from the battlefield soon, but the position of Dingyuan Ship was also completely exposed. Soon, the second unit No. 9 tracked over and rushed to the 200-meter Dingyuan ship to cast two torpedoes, and then left. One of the torpedoes directly hit the crotch of Dingyuan ship. With a dull boom, Dingyuan The bow of the ship trembled violently, emitting black billowing smoke. The officers and men in Dingyuan's cabin were frightened by the sudden shock. "The thunderous sound was thunderous, and its sound was unheard of in life. The whole ship Vibration, with something falling like rain on my head "Crashing in chaos" ("Lu Yuying's naval career recalls the old"). The area hit by the torpedo is just below the waterline behind the port. As an old iron armored ship, the armoring arrangement above the waterline of Dingyuan Ship is impeccable, but below the waterline Without any protection, it was unable to withstand the torpedo attack. A large opening was ripped at the bottom of the hull, and the seawater suddenly poured into the cabin. The Dingyuan ship immediately fell into chaos. Ding Ruchang, who was discussing the battle plan with the staff in the captain's room, rushed to the bridge. Seeing that the Dingyuan ship was severely damaged, he had to order the officers and men to immediately retract the anchor and forcibly drive eastward into the shallow water to run aground until the next day. When the sky was white, the chaos in Liugong Island gradually gradually It became clear that the stranded Dingyuan ship lay on the shoal softly like a wounded beast, and the officers and men desperately tried to pump water to block the breach. However, the turbulent seawater continued to flow in, and the ship's hull kept sinking. After noon on February 5, the situation worsened, the deck was flooded with seawater, and the entire ship was unable to move. On this day, Ding Ruchang sent a letter to Liu Han, Donghaiguan Road in Yantai. At the time, he wrote sadly: "Several months later, thunder boats stole along the south bank, desperately focused on Dingyuan, and spun back. I didn't have much speed because of a fast run, and the cabin was flooded with water. Driving stranded in the sand, I hope to be able to remedy it, use it as a turret, and then I will be too injured to use it "(" History Materials of the Sino-Japanese Negotiations of the Qing Emperor Guangxu "). Ding Ruchang, who had a foreseeable defeat, ordered the stranded Dingyuan ship to be blown up on February 9 to avoid falling into the hands of the Japanese army. At 3 pm on the same day, the body of Dingyuan Ship was charged with 350 pounds of explosives. After a loud noise, the stern of Dingyuan Ship was smashed and the boiler was burned to death. This was the end of the first giant ship that once esteemed East Asia. A life of ups and downs. Toward the end of life with Dingyuan Ship, there is Dingyuan Ship Leader Liu Buchan, who is very respected by Li Hongzhang. After being attacked and wounded by Dingyuan Ship, he was saddened and once kneeled at Ding Ruchang. Crying loudly in front of him: "As a pipe belt, I am so lost. There is a crime of malfeasance, and the only thing I am grateful for today!" ("Statement of an official from a torpedo boat"). In the afternoon after the Dingyuan ship was bombed, Liu Buchan swallowed a large amount of opium and committed suicide. (According to "Beijing Evening News")
Ancient Chinese Super Donkey

Ancient Chinese Super Donkey

Summary:
Will the ancients travel? of course! Tourism has always been favored by the Chinese people. The famous saying of "the benevolent is happy mountain, the wise are happy water" has spread to this day, and the ancient super "donkey friends" are countless. Some of them are seeking careers in the country, others are scientific expeditions, each with a different original intention, and different style and story. Let us take a look at those well-known travel experts. Xu Xiake: The first professional traveler in Chinese history. Date of life: Ming Dynasty Travel Purpose: Visit the mountains and ask the Ming Dynasty geographers, travellers, and writers. In his whole life, he traveled around the beautiful mountains and rivers of China, and the young man set up a "big husband as a tour
The fragrant soup bath is comfortable from the ancient "washing" to the present

The fragrant soup bath is comfortable from the ancient "washing" to the present

Summary:
High wind and cooling are the "standard" in winter. In addition to hot pot and fine wine, the best match for cold weather is a hot bath—bath. Warm and showering is the most convenient way, if you can soak in the bathtub comfortably, it is even more pleasant. It can be said that bathing has been a "must-have option" in life since ancient times. Bathing has culture, etiquette, and health concepts, and it is full of life. Because of the need to bathe, the wisdom of the ancients broke out, and many good utensils and methods were developed. And the ancient king, the best fondness for Ai Fei was to give a bath. The king's most comfortable pet to bathe. When talking about ancient people taking a bath, many people's minds will appear.
Dengke recorded a history of thousands of talents

Dengke recorded a history of thousands of talents

Summary:
Dengkelu, in layman's terms, is the compilation of the imperial examination documents in the imperial examination system. Whoever participated in the examination, who was responsible for the examination, and who was short-listed were included in the booklet. Dengkelu has a rare history, and it is the most complete preserved in the Ming Dynasty. Even the more than 400 species that have survived have become domestic orphans. Existing records of Jin Shideng in the Ming Dynasty mainly exist in mainland China, Taiwan, and the United States. It can be seen from the Dengke records that not only Chinese people but also foreigners take the test. In the Tang Dynasty, No. 1 champion Ma was ordered to compile the first entry to the Imperial Examination System and established the Imperial Examination System in the Sui Dynasty in China. However, the Sui Dynasty exams are not fixed and the methods are not
Sewing Machine: The Symbol of the Age Through 260 Years

Sewing Machine: The Symbol of the Age Through 260 Years

Summary:
A pheasant stands on the table, nods while wearing needles and leads; bites colorful cloth in his mouth, and spit out pieces of flower clothes. This is a familiar childhood riddle, did you guess it right? The era of "three turns and one ring" is long gone. The last time I heard its name, it was in the section of Weibo-everyone who shakes his legs has a sewing machine in his heart. ◆ Cutting, sewing and patching clothes from manual to mechanical sewing are collectively called sewing. Archeological finds: In the Paleolithic Age, which was 18,000 years ago, cavemen have begun to sew animal skins with bone needles. The word “sewing” appeared in ancient Chinese very early. The Eastern Han historian Ban Gu, Chen Zong, etc.
Desserts make sweet happiness at your fingertips

Desserts make sweet happiness at your fingertips

Summary:
French cuisine master Marie Anton Carham once said: There are five types of art, the most powerful of which is dessert making. This sentence may sound a bit overdone, but it is not unreasonable to take into account human biological instincts and the history of thousands of years of dessert making—the earliest from the mother's milk, humans have developed a sweet taste , Learned the original experience of sweetness representing energy. These impressions are firmly engraved on genes, and even today they can still give people happiness and spiritual comfort in the form of desserts. Because of this, desserts have a unique symbolic meaning. ◆ Honey Age ———— The sweetness of sacrificial food passes through the tip of the tongue
Brothers in the Song Dynasty

Brothers in the Song Dynasty

Summary:
In the history of China's imperial examinations, it is not uncommon for fathers and sons to be champions, Weng Yuan champions, and even grandparents and grandchildren champions, and there are very few brothers in the same subject, in the same field, on the same list and in the ranking. The more well-known brothers Su Shi and Su Zhe, brothers Zeng Gong and Zeng Bu of the Northern Song dynasty, the same family and the same year (1057). In fact, before them, there were also a pair of Song brothers who had been on the list. They were the brothers of Song Zheng (996-1066) and Song Qi (998-1061). The Song brothers' ancestral home was Anlu Anlu (now Anlu, Hubei Province), and later moved to Yongqiu County (now Shangqiu Minquan County, Shangqiu) in Kaifeng Prefecture due to Gao's grandfather Song Shen.
The ancients paid a lot of attention to washing their hands

The ancients paid a lot of attention to washing their hands

Summary:
In ancient times, the rituals of the lavatory were very complicated. For example, ordinary people received guests, and the host had to do it for the guests: the elders took the water and the son was holding the basin next to the water. After the guests washed their hands, the host also handed a towel with both hands. In addition, children are given water to wash their parents every morning. In some places today, the habit of the host to hand over towels to the guests is still retained, and this is the ancient style. In the ancient times, respect for the teacher was important, so those who are disciples should also wait for the master to wash. "Pipe" contains: "The matter of the young (disciples), the night is done early. The clothes are (for) the toilet, the sir is made, and the toilet is clean." That is to say, the disciples must return to the master.
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Current affairs

Yibin Forest Bamboo Industry Research Institute and Yibin College Bamboo Academy officially awarded

Yibin Forest Bamboo Industry Research Institute and Yibin College Bamboo Academy officially awarded

45 Xingwen Migrant Workers Returning to Hometown on the Road

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Lingang Public Security Holds "1.10" Police Camp Open Day

Lingang Public Security Holds "1.10" Police Camp Open Day

The United Front of Yibin City learns the spirit of the Eighth Plenary Session of the Fifth CPC Committee

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The municipal government office held a special study group for the central group

The municipal government office held a special study group for the central group

The Municipal Housing and Urban Construction Bureau Party Committee Held a Central Group Study (Expand) Meeting

The Municipal Housing and Urban Construction Bureau Party Committee Held a Central Group Study (Expand) Meeting

People's livelihood

The second-hand car market in Yibin City, Sichuan Province has the largest increase in transaction volume in 2019, at 3.6 billion yuan.

The second-hand car market in Yibin City, Sichuan Province has the largest increase in transaction volume in 2019, at 3.6 billion yuan.

Write the Spring Festival couplet

Write the Spring Festival couplet

The construction site meeting of Yibin Bamboo Industry Demonstration Base was held in Cuiping District and Nanxi District

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Cuiping District Disabled Persons' Federation Held "One Card" Business Work Training Meeting

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China Construction Bank WeChat Bank handles business without leaving home

China Construction Bank WeChat Bank handles business without leaving home

The most beautiful is the struggle and the warmest is the reunion. The "Kaiyi" Sichuan migrant worker train arrived in Chengdu smoothly

The most beautiful is the struggle and the warmest is the reunion. The "Kaiyi" Sichuan migrant worker train arrived in Chengdu smoothly

Mito

Beijing Silver Plain Wrap after Snow

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Before sunrise

Before sunrise

Hover foraging

Hover foraging

Xanadu

Xanadu

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